Leopold Bloom in Ulysses defines history as "the same people living in the same place" (U 12:1422). Joyce thus records the definition of Professor Mahaffy of Dublin University--who had called the English "muttonheaded"--that "A nation is...a race...who dwell within the same locality" (Review of Reviews 7:298).

For Stead's "Be a Christ" doctrine, see Florry Christ, Stephen Christ, Zoe Christ, Bloom Christ, Kitty Christ, Lynch Christ, it's up to you to sense that cosmic force" (U 15:2195). Stead's "prayer telephone," frequently promoted, makes common sense of Elijah's "You call me up by sunphone any old time" (U 15:2207)

The Earwicker handyman of Question 5 (141.8-27), an "insides man outsiders angell," who is also Constable Sackerson and performs a multitude of official and nonofficial duties, had an historic precedent. In Edinburgh--soon to be imitated by other cities--the local constable was given the responsibility for identifying and providing for the shivering, often barefoot, urchins of the streets. This made Chief Constable Henderson, Stead declared, a "secular bishop" and a "handyman" (Review of Reviews 7:298).

"let him rest, thou wayfarer, and take no gravespoil from him! Neither mar his mound! The bane of Tut is on it. Ware!" (102.20-22)

"It's our last fight, Megantic, fear you will!" (379.32), the refrain from the song "C'est ton dernier voyage, Titanic, adieu," and other Titantc allusions and references present the puzzlement that Earwicker has both "passed over" with the Titanic and achieved burial on land.

W.T. Stead was not the only victim of the sinking whose family erected markers onland. For a photo of the Stead family tombstone with its memorial to Stead on the plinth, see NewsStead 16 (Spring 2000).



W.T. Stead / Influence on Joyce / NewsStead / The Editor

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